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The History of Ancient Greece Podcast: A podcast series covering Ancient Greek & Hellenistic political, social, and cultural history from prehistory to the Roman conquest, has developed a store for ancient Greek themed SWAG. Includes apparel, masks, phone cases, wall art, mugs, etc.

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Even Older Tholos building at Epidaurus

The partially-excavated building discovered in 2020 is dated to about 600 B.C.. Exposed so far is a ground floor with a colonnade and a basement chipped out of the rock beneath. The stone walls of the basement are still coated in a deep-red-colored plaster and the floor is an intact pebble mosaic, one of the best-preserved examples of this rare type of flooring.

Ruins of later Tholos above excavation of older Tholos
New excavation in foreground; re-construction of Tholos in background.

The find is significant because it predates the impressive Tholos building in the same location. This shows that the worship of Asclepius and treating of patients at Epidaurus is much older than previously thought. Thus changing what is known about the history of the region in general.

“This former building had a function similar to that of the Tholos, that is, its basement served as the seat of Asclepius on earth,” the local archaeologist explained. The patient who slept in this underworld connected place would be able to dream of the god Asclepius and have the cure for his illness revealed.

More Tomb Art in Pylos

“You have this explosion of wealth. People are vying for power. It’s the formative years that will give rise to the Classic Age of Greece.”

gold pendant showing Hathor from Pylos
A gold pendant from the family tombs at Pylos featuring the likeness of Hathor. Image credit: Vanessa Muro / UC Classics.

The un-looted finds in Pylos just keep piling up, literally. This latest is near the Griffin Warrior find and the Palace of Nestor mentioned below. What is most interesting to me is the physical evidence of the multiple interactions with the far East and Egypt prior to recorded history. (See my article about Greek influence on the Chinese Terracotta Warriors.)
For details and photos of this latest find there is a complete article here

Temple of Artemis on Euboea

Persistence paid off for a team of Swiss and Greek archaeologists who found the Artemis Temple of Amarynthos on the island of Euboea. The temple was well known in antiquity so searchers have been looking for more than a 100 years mostly about 10 km from where they finally found it.

Artemis Temple of Amarynthos on Euboea

New DNA Evidence

It has long been known that the Minoans and Mycenaeans were related but little was known about their antecedents. Now a new study provides evidence that they descended from local neolithic people and further that modern Greeks have the same roots. All controversial stuff so best you read the article from the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History Here

Palace of Nestor Reopens

This palace of fact and fiction is considered the best preserved Mycenaean palace in Greece. Its discovery in 1939 included about 1,200 tablets written in Linear B. The structure had over 100 rooms and was quite elaborate with a large throne room, frescos and light wells. Located north of Pylos.

imagined room in Palace of Nestor

New Look at Old Information

Archaeologists to Study Shackled Skeletons: This article has fascinating photos of recent work at the Phaleron cemetery near Athens. The focus is to learn more about common people of the period and about the losers who have not had a chance to be written up in histories.

shackled skeletons from Phaleron

New Museum Under Water

Yes, on purpose! The Greece culture ministry have teamed with local officials at Evoikos Gulf to create an archaeological scuba park. This underwater museum will start with six sites off Evia and eventually plan to have at least 19 sites with 26 shipwrecks. Another great way to Surf ancient Greece

Buried Treasure: Valuable in money and knowledge

Imagine the joy of turning over a large stone and finding a 3,500 year old un-looted grave; a very rare discovery, indeed. In fact the valuables may have been looted from the Minoans by an early Mycenaen. This story is too good for me to tell; see two articles about it:New York Times and UC Magazine

items in unlooted grave

Another Palace Discovered

hilltop excavation of ancient palace

We tend to read a lot about the Minoans (3000 to 1100 BC on Crete) and the Mycenaeans (1600 to 1100 BC in northern Greece) and thus forget there were other peoples scattered around the region.  This summer we were reminded when the Greece Ministry of Culture announced the discovery of a 10 room “palace” in the plains of southern Greece located near what was more than 600 years later to become the city state of Sparta.  The palace is dated at 1700 to 1600 BC.

This location has been under excavation for six years and has turned up all the usual pottery, swords and murals and some unusual examples of Linear B script, the oldest writing in Europe.

The Ministry says that in 2015 there were more than 150 archaeological digs taking place.  So I expect we will be seeing a plethora of new discoveries.  Hopefully we will learn something new from them.

For instance on the island of Paros there are ruins called Mycenaean Acropolis, which are dated as originating in an earlier period.  Perhaps it was not built by the Mycenaeans themselves as is usually claimed but by another tribe of which we have no record, yet.

Exciting Future for Ancient Discovery

The Antikythera shipwreck, source of the antikythera mechanism, has been recently approved for a major five year excavation project. The expedition will be led by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and will be using new advanced technology. More here

Tomb Found with Valuable Artifacts Still in Place: Feb 2015

This is a vaulted Mycenaean tomb near Amfissa in central Greece. It is estimated at 3,300 years old. It appears that grave robbers were unsuccessful because the artifacts include gold rings and semi-precious stones. A video and more on

Once Again Another Significant Discovery: September 2014

I wrote years ago that it is difficult to turn a spade in Greece without uncovering an antiquity, but this is getting ridiculous. Because of the major tomb discovery below I never got around to wrting about the whole city discovery near Kavousi on Crete in early August. Now an even more extensive city has been found during construction of a major motorway near Missolonghi in western Greece. This discovery will have the Transport Minister at odds with the Culture Minister so should get rapid action. Stay tuned.

Significant Ancient Tomb Discovered August 2014:

newly discovered ancient tomb

My first alert of this new discovery made me suspect because it quoted the Greece Prime Minister as saying it was important. The popular media did not help because reports contained little of substance. But now Ancient Origins Net has come out with a more detailed report and photos. Well worth the short read or just go to the update for the summary.

Nov 2014 Update: Now nearly completely excavated here is a summary of what was found.

Ancient Erotic Graffiti: Some Things Never Change

During a field trip on the rocky atoll, Astypalaia, an archaeology professor stumbled upon lewd drawings and writings that have been dated to the sixth century BC making them the earliest known examples of men being crude.

Scholars are now busy interpreting the meaning and ramifications of it all. Discoverer, Dr. Andreas Vlachopoulos, emphasizes the rarity of such frankness compared to more common public art. He also points out there are many more ancient discoveries waiting to be found.

“Few Greek islands have been properly explored or excavated and these findings are testimony to why it is so important that they are,” said the archaeologist.

I say, “Yes, Visit Ancient Greece!”

based on article in The Guardian

China’s Buried Warriors Influenced by Ancient Greece

New research at the University of London unveils newly translated ancient Chinese records that tell of the inspiration and influences that led to the creation of the vast collection of terra-cotta warriors buried near Xi’an, China.  This is one of China’s greatest art treasures.

More here.

April 2013:Major new discovery of THE Ploutonion

Italian archaeologists working near Pamukkale, Turkey at the site of ancient Hierapolis have excavated a portal to the underworld.  A dedication to Pluto engraved over the entrance to a cave confirms the identification.  They found the cave first by clues from ancient mythology then by following the path of an underground spring through the site.  Included in the excavation is a small temple, a pool and steps leading into the cave.  The next step will be to dig around the area where they expect to find a major temple to Pluto as pilgrims from around the ancient world came here to bath in the pools and worship at the cave entrance.  Only trained priests could enter the cave due to poisonous gases which killed any birds or other animals who came near.  Those same gases (mostly carbon dioxide) are still there today.

Turn a Spade, Find an Artifact

25 Jan 2013:  Another day another gold wreath.  This one was found in a plain grave of a woman during excavation for the subway in Thessaloniki.  It is believed to date from late 4th or early 3rd century B.C. and joins eight others found four years ago.  The much delayed construction project started in 2006 and so far has added 23,000 ancient and medieval items to the state’s exhaustive collection.

I expect Thessaloniki’s Metro stations will join Athens’s as major displays of what was found during their construction. 

Greece before the Greeks

Numerous new discoveries have been made this past year at Koutroulou Magoula, a neolithic settlement from c. 5500 BC about 160 miles from Athens.  Figurines as well as house structures are expected to tell much about the life of the community.  Sourced from this Jan 7, 2013 press release at Science Daily

The same can be said for recent excavations on our beloved island of Paros.  In 2012 large numbers of painted ceramics and items made from copper and ivory were found.  Of note is that this site, Koukounaries, is right next to the popular swimming beach of Kolymbithres.  Read about combining education and Greek island beach fun.

This page is intended to a mix of recent news about archeological discoveries in Greece and the webmaster’s relevant discoveries on the internet.  Please contact us with any suggestions or comments.

My previous writings on the subject are in my Paros blog

Fans or followers of Ancient Greece topics will enjoy our curated content page: Ancient Greece Interest

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